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Gospel of Matthew – Retaliation

Our message continues our study of the Sermon on the Mount as we walk through the six different examples that Jesus uses to teach the proper understanding of the law of God, rather than the perverted law the Pharisees had made it out to be. In the week’s lesson, Jesus teaches about retaliation, and we cannot understand this without gaining understanding about the things Jesus’ hearers would have immediately been able to relate to. Yet these lessons have profound and very challenging practical application to all people of all ages. How do we respond to the offensive person? Is this a plea for pacifism? Do we lay down and become floor mats? We look at the topic of retaliation from Matthew 5:38-42. Here is our outline:

1. Another radical command

2. Context

3. Four Illustrations

  • a. Your body: Turn the Other Cheek
  • b. Your clothing: Tunic and coat
  • c. Your service: The extra mile
  • d. Your money: The borrower

Public reading: Romans 12:9-21; Benediction: Psalms 29:11

Matthew 5:38-42

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39 But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 And if anyone would sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. 41 And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. 42 Give to the one who begs from you, and do not refuse the one who would borrow from you. (ESV)

Romans 12:9-21

Let love be genuine. Abhor what is evil; hold fast to what is good. 10 Love one another with brotherly affection. Outdo one another in showing honor. 11 Do not be slothful in zeal, be fervent in spirit, serve the Lord. 12 Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. 13 Contribute to the needs of the saints and seek to show hospitality.

14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep. 16 Live in harmony with one another. Do not be haughty, but associate with the lowly. Never be wise in your own sight. 17 Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all. 18 If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. 19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.” 20 To the contrary, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. (ESV)

Psalm 29:11

11 May the Lord give strength to his people!
May the Lord bless his people with peace! (ESV)