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Covenant Theology I – Christ in the Old Covenant

“I will be your God and you will be my people.” That’s the essence of the divine covenants. In this first part of two topical sermons, covenant theology is explained and its significance is demonstrated. Among our passages, we look at Ezekiel 37:26-27; Joshua 7:11; Deuteronomy 9:4-6; Luke 24:25-27, 44. Our topics include the definition of covenant and what God intends to bring about through His covenantal dealings with men. Stick it out through a bit of technical speak in the beginning and see how even the old covenant and all of its many parts reveal Christ. Next week, we will learn about the newness of the New Covenant and how that informs our practice as Particular Baptists.

Ezekiel 37:26-27

26 I will make a covenant of peace with them. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in their midst forevermore. 27 My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (ESV)

Joshua 7:11

11 Israel has sinned; they have transgressed my covenant that I commanded them; they have taken some of the devoted things; they have stolen and lied and put them among their own belongings. (ESV)

Deuteronomy 9:4-6

“Do not say in your heart, after the Lord your God has thrust them out before you, ‘It is because of my righteousness that the Lord has brought me in to possess this land,’ whereas it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is driving them out before you. Not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart are you going in to possess their land, but because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is driving them out from before you, and that he may confirm the word that the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.

“Know, therefore, that the Lord your God is not giving you this good land to possess because of your righteousness, for you are a stubborn people. (ESV)

Luke 24:25-27

25 And he said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.

Luke 24:25-27

44 Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” (ESV)


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